Basic Rules and skills of Shot Put
Shot put is a field event. The athletes try to “put” a heavy weighted metal ball as far as they can. They are not permitted to throw it but instead they push the ball out into the air. They “put” the ball by holding it at the neck and pushing it into the air.
The Shot Put Weight may differ from 6 to 16 pounds (2.76 to 7.26 Kg). It depends on the level, age, and gender of the participants. The object of the sport is to “put” it as far as possible. Generally, there are two types of putting styles we use in schools. One is orthodox style and the
The other is Parry O’Brian.
The act or Process of throwing a shot is known as a “put” and must be performed in a specified way to be valid. The elbow should be bend to draw the shot back, holding it near or touching the neck and chin but not farther back than the shoulder.
The shot is put by extending the arm straight into the air. The put must be carried out within 60 seconds of being called to enter the circle. The athlete is not allowed to leave the circle until the shot has landed. The judge calls for the put to be marked, then the athlete can leave the putting circle.
In Parry O’Brian, the leading leg pulls the weight of the body to the edge of the c and in Orthodox; the leading leg takes a hop, step to move the body towards the -circle edge of the stop board.
i. The initial Phase or Holding the Shot or the Stance
ii. The Final Phase or Release
iv. The Put
v. Reverse or Recovery or Follow Through
• The measurement is prepared with help of a measuring tape from the inside edge of the stop board to the nearest side of the shot once it has dropped.
• If the shot drops on one of the sector lines, a foul is called and no measurement is formed.
• If the shot drops outside the sector lines, it is out of bounds and no measurement is formed.
• Measurements are to the closest 1/4 inch or closest 1/4 centimeter, though individual competitions may change this as required.
General Shot Put Rules Olympics:
– The shot Should touch or be near to the neck, under the jaw, or front of the ear at beginning of the throw.
– The shot cannot be kept down or pulled back from the starting position. It must be pushed forwards.
– The shot cannot be taken from behind the line of the shoulders.
– The hand cannot be dropped below the neck/chin position during the put.
A foul occurs when:
– The shot is held away from the neck at beginning of the put.
– The hand is dropped/pulled back before the forward push.
– The hand is taken from behind the line of the shoulder.
– If the shot lands the exterior of the sector then it will be Foul.
– If the competitor comes out from the front half of the circle.
– If the competitor Comes out of the circle before the shot has landed.
– Each athlete has three throws in school competitions.
– The athlete can touch the inside of the stop-board but not the top of it.
– Athletes can go in the circle from any direction but they should take their exit from the rear half of the circle.
– Athletes cannot leave the circle unless the shot has landed on the ground.
– Measurement should be taken from the circumference of the stop-board to the nearest mark made by the shot (to the nearest cm below). The measuring tape must be pulled through the center of the putting circle.
History of Shot Put
The Ancient Greeks threw stones as a sport and soldiers are recorded as throwing cannonballs in the Middle Ages but a version of the modern form of the discipline can be traced to the Highland Games in Scotland during the 19th century where competitors threw a rounded cube, stone or metal weight from behind a line.
Scottish Highland Games historians believe the shot put originated from the ancient Celtic tradition of “putting the stone” which, according to Scottish folklore, was used by Clan chieftains to help them identify their strongest men for battle purposes.
The men’s Shot Put has been part of every modern Olympics since 1896, but women putters had to wait until 1948 before they could compete at the Games.
Shot put was an original modern Olympic event, with American Robert Garrett winning in 1896.
• Shot put participants are required to wear a clean school or team uniform unless they are taking part in an amateur competition that does not specify uniform needs.
• No visible ornaments are permitted in many cases, though exceptions may be formed for religious ornaments provided it is taped to the body to prevent movement.
• Gloves cannot be worn, and the hands cannot be taped, unless there is a cut or other injury that requires to be protected.
• Helping the wrists with tape is permitted.
Once the competition has started, participants cannot take practice throws or engage in other types of warmup activities or exercises.
A special case to this is made if the participant’s coach or other members is present to actively observe the warmup, though practice throws are still restricted once competitors actively start throwing shots.
When throwing a shot, participants stand inside a circle having 7 feet in diameter.
A sector is made inside the circle which is utilized to determine valid throws; the two radius lines of the sector make from the center of the circle are measured at 34.92 degrees apart.
A curved white stop board is laid within the circle between the sector lines, serving as a denotation of the valid throwing sector and as an of were threatening the thrower cannot cross the line or touch the line.
Putting the Shot
• The act of throwing a shot is known as a put and must be performed in a certain way to be valid.
The elbow must bond to draw the shot back, holding it near or touching the neck and chin but not farther back than the shoulder.
• The put itself is performed by extruding the ann straight to launch the Shot into the as; throws that bring the shot back o eve a an overhand or underhand circular momentum will be disqualified.
• The put must be performed within 60 seconds to begin called to enter the circle.
• The thrower cannot leave the cycle vet the shot has landed and the midge has called for it to be marked.
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