Basics Skills and rules of Football l Basics Skills and rules of Soccer l Fundamental skills of Soccer/football kicking and heading



There are different basic Skills of football and team tactics’ in the game of Football. Football is a very simple game. All of us need to know the basic skills of the game. Basic skills help to become a good player.

If footballers do not know to pass, kick and control the ball, they cannot play the game. If they do not know to pass and receive the ball in Football, they will not be Good and successful players. Shooting, controlling and dribbling are few important skills. We must understand and keep in mind that these skills should be practised regularly to learn and master them.


Football is played between two teams. There are 11 players in each team. The aim of the game is to score as many goals by kicking, heading or using any part of the body except the arms and hands. The game is played for 45 minutes for each half. There is a half time break in between. The half time is of 15 minutes.

  Football Field Dimension:  

Length: minimum of 90 meters and a maximum of 120 meters

Width: minimum of 45 meters and a maximum of 90 meters.

The rectangular goals are 24 feet wide and 8 feet high. Goalposts and a crossbar are 24 feet wide and 8 feet high.

Basics Skills and rules of Football
Basics Skills and rules of Football



  Fundamental skills of football :  


a).  Kicking:

Kicking is the most important skill in the game of football. There are many other skills but without kicking no team can play a winning game. We play the game to entertain ourselves and more importantly, to win. Some other skills in the game of football are dribbling, heading, trapping, throw-in, goal, keeping, passing, etc.

We kick the football to score the goal and to win the game. The goal is scored when the ball passes beyond the goalkeeper and the goal line within the goal area.

There are different types of kicks in the game of football. Some of them are as follows:

  • In-step Kick
  • In-side Step Kick
  • Out-step Kick.

In-step Kick is the most powerful kick among all. These three kicks are the main kicks and some other kicks are; Toe Kick, Heel Kick, etc. It is important to keep the body in the proper position when we are kicking the ball.


Basics Skills and rules of Football
Basics Skills and rules of Football

  Instep Kick :  

In-step is the upper surface of the foot, which is also known as “the laces”. This kick is mainly for shooting. The in-step kick needs the running straight to the ball, placing your non-kicking foot beside the ball. And swinging your kicking leg quickly forward Contact the ball with your shoelaces, keeping your ankles locked.

  1.  The player should look up to see the position to kick the ball.
  2. Approach the ball.
  3. Plant the non-kicking foot beside or slightly ahead of the ball, which helps to keep the shot low.
  4. Keep the eyes on the ball.
  5. The toes and the body should be in the direction of the shot.
  6. The weight of the body should come over the ball.
  7. The knee of the non-kicking foot should be slightly bent.
  8. Make proper contact with the ball. The ball should be contacted with the part of the shoe-lace of your shoe.
  9. Contact at the middle of the ball. This will help the ball to roll is the most powerful kick among all kicks.
  10. The ankle of kicking foot should be locked and the toe pointed down.
  11. Follow-through to keep the ball low (weight on the kicking foot).


  Inside Step Kick  :  

In-side Step Kick is used for long-distance passes or shots. It requires run-up to the ball at a 45-degree angle, places your non-kicking foot beside and behind the ball, contacts the ball with the inner side of your instep and kicks the ball with a required force for the ball to reach on your target. Lock your ankle as firmly as possible.


  Out-step Kick in football :  

Out-step Kick in football is the foot opposite to the inside step. Thu o surprise the opponent. This kick helps to swing and curve the away from you This kick can be used for short passes and distance kicking and corner kicks. You should take a long approach stride and contact the ball with the outside of your foot. You need to keep your ankle locked.

b). Trapping is a basic skill in Football:  

Trapping is a basic skill in football to stop a moving ball and to gain control, of a moving ball. It is played with the feet, thighs, chest, head or any other parts of the body except hands. The moving ball should be controlled by getting in front of the ball and moving the part of the body that is doing the trapping.

This will help the ball to come under your control and helps it to stop close to the body. All football players must learn to trap the ball.  Trapping a football means stopping the ball so that one can control the ball. Trapping football is a basic skill but it is one of the most important football skills to learn.

  Types of Trapping in Football:  

1). Instep trapping in football

2).  Step trapping in football

3). Thigh trapping in football

4). Chest trapping in football

The football match should be played on the ground and in the air. It is different to receive the football on the ground than in the air. The following point will help when receiving the ball on the ground.

  1. Keep your eyes on the ball.
  2. Choose which foot to control the ball with.
  3. Receive the ball with the toe pointed up (ankle locked)
  4. Do not stop the ball completely. Instead, push the next action such as shot, dribble, pass or to opponents.
  Receiving the ball in the air:   
i. Keep your eyes on the ball.
ii. Read the flight, speed, and direction of the ball.
iii. Decide which part of the body to use to control the ball (foot, thigh chest or head).
iv. Prepare to receive the ball by cushioning the ball with the part of the body to slow it down and preparing for the next touch.  Basic Skills of football

c). Heading:  

It is important to know the skills of heading the ball properly. If this skill should be properly carried, it could hurt the head and cause damages in the brain. All the beginners should start heading the ball with volleyball because it is lighter than football. The most important thing you should remember is to always use the forehead to head the ball. Most of us make a mistake using the upper part of the head.

We must avoid this. Another mistake is that we shut our eyes at the time of heading the ball. The point to remember is that the ball will never hit on the eyes whether you shut your eyes or not. It is our instinct and the reflex that makes our eyes shut at the time of contacting the ball with the forehead.


Good ways to practice how to head a soccer ball for begins:

i. Hold the ball in your hands and bringing it toward while keeping your eyes on the ball and make a slight impact on the ball with your forehead.
ii. After practising this skill for some time then one partner Should toss the volleyball over the head and another one should head the ball. g Make sure you do not toss it very high in the beginning.
iv. Once you are confident with the heading you can start head juggling with your partner or even on your own.

The heading is a basic and important skill in the game of football. If you are heading at goal, you should head it down hard into the corner of the goal away from the keeper. But if you want to head it for clearance, you should head the ball up in the air and try to send it as far as possible.
i. Toss the ball in the air or have someone toss it to you.
ii. Plant your feet or step forward and e ball with your forehead.
iii. Keep your eyes open when you meet the ball with your forehead.
iv. Keep your mouth shut and clench your teeth.

 i. Dribbling:  

Dribbling is one of the most important and useful attacking moves. The players try to move the ball towards the opponent’s goal for scoring. The process of pushing Dribbling the bail and moving forward or within the playing area is called dribbling. Th-objective of dribbling is to move the ball while keeping it in control and protecting it from defensive players. Feet are used for dribbling the ball. Dribbling helps the player to fake the opponents and move forward.

The skill of dribbling can be improved with the following practices.

(a) Line up in a file set about 25 meters back from a pole. The distance between the pole and file can be set as per the availability of the ground. It is better to keep the distance as long as possible.

(b) The front player standing in the file starts dribbling the football ahead. The player turns around the pole, dribbles back towards the file, passes the football to the second player of the tile, and joins the file at the back.

(c) The second player executes the similar dribble, passes the football to the third player, and joins the file at the back.

d) This process is continued until all the players get a turn.

e) This practice can be extended as per the availability of time and skill of the

ii. Throw-in:  

If the football goes out of bounds over a sideline, then the opposing team puts it back into play by a throw-in. To make a throw-in, a player outside the sideline or touchline throws the ball to a teammate who is in play. A throw-in is taken Throw-in along the touch-line at the point where the ball went out of play. The ball must be thrown with both hands.

– The thrower must face the play. – part of each foot must be on the ground As s/he releases the ball, either behind or on the touch-line.

– If these rules are infringed, the ball possession goes to the opposing team for the throw-in.

– Goal cannot be scored from a throw-in.

– The person made throw-in is not allowed to play the ball until it has been touched by any other player.


basic Skills of footbal

iii. Goal Keeping:  

The goalkeeper is a defensive player positioned in or near a goal whose main job is to keep the ball away from crossing the goal line. The goalkeeper is the only player allowed to touch the ball (within the penalty area) with the hands while it is in play.

Goalkeeping is one of the major skills among many defensive skills. The goalkeeper needs to pay attention to the following points for good goalkeeping.

i. Get behind the line of the ball.

ii. Catch the ball with both hands to save the goal.

iii. Tip-off or punch the ball over the crossbar to prevent from going into the goal.

iv. Jump and punch the ball. Dive and catch or punch the ball.

v. Powerful goal kick.


iv. Catching the Rolling Ball  

  Drill Number I  

i. Two students should stand facing each other about 10 meters apart the should collect it with both hands. other

ii. The first partner should push the ball on the ground with the foot and the other should collect it with both hands.

iii. Feet should be apart not to let the ball through the legs.

iv. The ball should be brought under control after collecting.

v. Collected ball should be placed on the ground and pushed it with the partner. foot to

vi. Continue for about 20 times.

vii. If the balls are insufficient, students should make two files with an equal number on Both sides.

viii, One team should push the ball with the foot and the other team member at the front should collect the ball as before.

ix. Roll or push the ball back to the other side as before and join the file at the back. Continue this process for about 10 times each.

  Drill Number 2  

i. Roll the ball on either side to the partner.

ii. The partner to receive should move behind the ball to collect.

iii. The body should come behind the ball at the time of collection.

iv. The knees should be flexed comfortably and reach down to collect the ball.

v. Continue the drill for about 10 times.

iv. The ball should be rolled with a soft kick to reach to the partner in the beginning. Later it can be a little quicker.

v. Eyes should be always fixed on the ball.

  V. Catching the Aerial Ball:  

i. Keep your feet apart with the knees flexed at a comfortable position.

ii. Always anticipate with eyes on the ball.

iii. One partner should toss the ball over the goalkeeper’s head.

iv. Jump and collect the ball.

v. Fingers should be spread wide apart.

vi. The ball coming at chest level should be pulled towards yourself. The body should be pulled backwards along with the ball to lessen the impact of the ball on the chest or stomach.

vii. Make two files.

viii. Student standing at the front of the file should toss the ball to the person on the other file. ix. After tossing the ball, the person should join the file at the back.

x. After receiving the ball, the person should toss the ball to the person on the other file and join the file on at the back.

xi. After a few practices, the turn should be switched.

 VI. Basic Rules of football:  

Here are some basic rules for the game of football.

–  The game begins with a toss between the two competing teams. The winner of first, the toss chooses either the side of the court or                opportunity to kick off the ball.

– It a player makes foul while defending in the penalty area, the opponent team is given a chance for a penalty shoot.

– A game is played in two halves of 45 minute each.

– Each team has eleven players each. cap

– The game begins with the toss of a coin and the winning which goal to defend or to take the first kick-off.

– All players must use their feet head or chest to play the ball.

– Only the goalkeeper is allowed to use their hands and only within their penalty area.

– The aim of the game is to score as many goals as possible.

– Goals can be scored by kicking or heading.

– If the ball touches or crosses the sideline, it is thrown back into the play by one of the opponent team members.

– The game is controlled by a referee and two linesmen.

– Free kicks and penalties are awarded when rules are breached.

– For continual breaching of rules or for a bad foul, the player may be sent off.

– A team is declared the winner it scores more points than the other within the game period.

– Draw matches are Further scheduled for the additional play of 30 minutes. If not decided, the penalty shoot is held.


The practice of blocking a rolling ball:

In order to practice blocking a rolling ball, the m students line up in a file. While standing, they extend their legs in such a way that the hail cannot pass from the gap between their legs. There is a skilled striker or the instructor in front of the file. The striker strikes • the ball to the front-most player of the file and the front player catches the rolling ball.

After catching, the first player gives the ball to tile striker again and goes hack to join the file. Th, striker, again, strikes the hall towards the second player, who executes a similar procedure again. All the players practice the skill turn by turn.

The practice of blocking high ball:

In order to practice blocking a high ball, the students line up in a file, There is a skilled striker or the instructor in front Of the file. The striker strikes the ball high to the first player of the file. The player blocks or catches the high ball returns the ball back to the striker and goes back to join the file again.

The striker, again, strikes the ball towards the second player, who executes the similar procedure. All the player practice the skill turn by turn.

 VII. Basic Rules of 5-0 side football:  

The basic rules of the game are the same as a regular football. The main objective is to put the ball in the back of your opponent’s goal. In 5-o-side football, the small and softer ball can be used, but if it is not available then the number 5 reg football can be used.

The game should be between 30-60 minutes long. 5-o-side football, the ball must remain below the player’s head during the and it is called the “head height” rule. But the playing time can be fixed by players so that students have time to play. It can be 10 minutes of play. The rules of the of 5-o-side football are similar to Futsal.


1. what is trapping in football?  

Ans: Trapping is a basic skill in football to stop a moving ball and to gain control, of a moving ball. It is played with the feet, thighs, chest, head or any other parts of the body except hands.

Read More: Pro-kabaddi

Vote Now

[IT_EPOLL id="2090"][/IT_EPOLL]

4 Trackbacks / Pingbacks

  1. Rules of Cricket
  2. FIFA World Cup Qatar 2022- Match Schedule, Ticket - Sport in Nepal
  3. Rules and skills of Volleyball - Sport in Nepal
  4. Basketball rules and skills - Sport in Nepal

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.