Kushti | Pehlwani | Kusti | Training, Origin, Practice, History, Rules & Techniques of Kushti


  Origins and History of Khusti  

Kushti, also famous as Pehlwani, is an ancient form of wrestling that developed in the Indian subcontinent, with its roots tracing back to the Indus Valley Civilization.

It is thought to have developed from a combination of native Indian wrestling styles, such as Malla-yuddha, and Persian wrestling practices trained during the Mughal era.

Over time, Kushti evolved into a distinct style of wrestling with its own set of techniques, traditions, and philosophy.

  Training and Practice  

Kushti wrestlers, famous as pehlwans, undergo rigorous exercise from a young age. They normally train in traditional akharas, which are open-air wrestling schools taught by skilled gurus or ustads.

The training regimen is physically demanding and includes a combination of strength training, grappling techniques, and conditioning exercises. Pehlwans even stick to a strict diet and lifestyle, emphasizing nutritious foods and evading stimulants.


  Rules and Techniques  

Kushti matches are mainly played on a circular or square-shaped dirt surface, famous as a kusti. Wrestlers wear minimal clothing, mainly a loincloth called a langot, and oil their bodies to decrease friction.

The goal of the match is to pin the opponent’s back and shoulders to the ground. Wrestlers uses a variety of techniques to get this, like throws, takedowns, holds, and submissions.

  Competitions and Dangals  

Kushti competitions, famous as dangals, are famous events in India, Pakistan, and Nepal. They are usually organized in villages or rural areas and draw large crowds of viewers.

Dangals mainly feature a variety of weight classes and showcase the skills and athleticism of pehlwans.

  Cultural Significance and Legacy  

Kushti carries notable cultural importance in the Indian subcontinent. It is not only a sport but even a way of life that emphasizes physical fitness, mental discipline, and care for tradition.

Pehlwans are supposed role models and are respected for their strength, endurance, and sportsmanship.

  Kushti in Modern Times  

While Kushti has encountered challenges due to the modernization of sports and the grow of other wrestling styles, it stays an vital part of the cultural heritage of the Indian subcontinent.

There are measures to restore and boost Kushti, and it resumes to be practiced by numerous lovers and traditional akharas.


  Famous Kushti Wrestlers  

Here are some of the most famous Kushti wrestlers of all time:

Deva Thapa

Deva Thapa is a Nepali Kushti wrestler who is presently one of the most famous and successful wrestlers in India and Nepal. He is famous for his aggressive style and powerful throws, and he has won many championships, like the Rustam-e-Hind title in 2022.

Gama Pehelwan

Commonly viewed as the most outstanding Kushti wrestler of all time, Gama Pehelwan, also famous as “The Great Gama,” was undefeated for over 50 years.

His wrestling career spanned over two decades, and he gained widespread fame and glory, earning titles like Rustam-e-Hind (Champion of India) and Rustam-e-Zamana (Champion of the Age).

Dara Singh

A cultural icon in India, Dara Singh grew to fame in the 1960s and 1970s as a professional wrestler and actor.

He starred in multiple Bollywood films, further cementing his status as a national hero. His wrestling career was equally outstanding, with numerous titles and victories against prominent international opponents.

Battling Sihk

Born as Bhim Singh, Battling Sihk was an admiringly respected Kushti wrestler famous for his aggressive style and powerful strikes.

He earned recognition for his achievements against British wrestlers during the colonial era and evolved as a symbol of resistance and national pride.

Satpal Singh

A true legend of Indian wrestling, Satpal Singh reached remarkable success in both Kushti and freestyle wrestling.

He won multiple national and international titles, like a gold medal at the 1982 Commonwealth Games.

His commitment to his craft and unwavering commitment to greatness earned him a role model for generations of wrestlers.

Kartar Singh

A formidable Kushti wrestler, Kartar Singh carried the prestigious title of Rustam-e-Hind for over a decade.

His wrestling career was characterized by his superior strength, athleticism, and strategic wrestling skills.

He motivated numerous other wrestlers with his commitment to the sport and his unwavering competitive spirit.

These are only a few examples of the numerous renowned Kushti wrestlers who have shaped the sport’s rich history and resume to inspire practitioners worldwide.

Their legacy lives on in the passion and dedication of modern-day wrestlers who bring on the traditions and values of this ancient wrestling style.

  Differences Between Kushti and other Wrestling Styles  

Here are a few of the main differences between Kushti and other major wrestling styles:

a. Focus on Grappling and Close-Range Techniques:

Kushti highlights grappling and close-range techniques, depending heavily on throws, takedowns, holds, and submissions.

Unlike other wrestling styles that contain striking or leg attacks, Kushti concentrates on bringing the opposition to the ground and holding them through grappling maneuvers.

b. Traditional Akharas and Guru-Student Relationship:

Kushti activity is rooted in traditional akharas and open-air wrestling schools taught by skilled gurus or ustads. This system emphasizes regard for tradition, discipline, and a deep mentorship between the guru and the student.

c. Emphasis on Strength, Endurance, and Mental Toughness:

Kushti training concentrates on developing superior strength, endurance, and mental fortitude. Wrestlers experience rigorous physical training, like weight training, grappling drills, and conditioning exercises. They even adhere to a severe diet and lifestyle to keep their physical and mental well-being.

d. Longer Match Duration and Reliance on Grip Fighting:

Kusti matches normally last between 25 and 30 minutes, permitting wrestlers to showcase their steadiness and strategic thinking.

Grip fighting is an important aspect of Kushti, as wrestlers attempt to show control over their competitors through grip and leverage.

e. Pinfall and Submission as Primary Winning Methods:

The main aim of Kusti is to pin the competitor’s shoulders and hips to the ground. Submission holds can even be utilized to push a win.

Unlike other wrestling styles that may highlight point-scoring systems, Kushti’s focus on pinning and submission highlights physical dominance.

f. Dirt Floor and Oiled Bodies:

Kusti contests are traditionally carried on a circular or square-shaped dirt floor, famous as a Kusti. Wrestlers oil their bodies before matches to decrease friction and enhance grip. This traditional setup provides a unique element to the sport.

g. Dangals as Festive Events:

Kusti matches, famous as dangals, are usually maintained as festive events, drawing large crowds of spectators. They are attached in cultural traditions and serve as entertainment and community gathering.

h. Legacy of Pehlwans as Role Models:

Kushti wrestlers, known as pehlwans, are highly respected figures in Indian culture, admired for their strength, steadiness, and commitment to the sport.

They are regarded as role models for younger generations and represent the values of discipline, perseverance, and respect.

i. Cultural Symbolism and Philosophical Beliefs:

Kushti is greatly intertwined with Indian culture and spirituality. It is usually linked with Hindu deities, and wrestlers incorporate religious traditions and practices into their training and competitions.

Read Also: Arm Wrestling