In this article, we will discuss Throwball.
Throwball is a non-contact ball game held across a net in two teams of 7 players excluding 3-5 substitutions on a rectangular court.
Throwball is famous in Asia continent, particularly on the Indian subcontinent, and was first held in India as a women’s sport in Chennai in the time of 1940s. Like volleyball, the game’s sources are connected with the YMCA (Young Men’s Christian Association).
Both volleyball and Newcomb ball, while more aged games convey many likenesses with throwball. Throwball rules were foremost drafted in 1955 and India’s foremost national level championship was organized in 1980. The International Throwball Federation is the biggest governing organization for the game.
Though like a volleyball court, a throwball court is relatively more extensive with various sizes and markings.
Throwball is organized on a court that consists of a total perimeter of 12.2 meters x 18.3 meters having a neutral box on either side of the entire court calculating 1 meter. The net is kept across the center of the court at an elevation of 2.2 meters.
The ball is alike a volleyball but may be negligibly bigger than a Volleyball. While in volleyball the ball is struck or volleyed during the play, in throwball the ball is tossed over the net, where a member of the other team attempts to catch the ball and fast toss it back across the net.
An official match is played between two teams that consist of nine or seven players.
At least three or five substitute players are permitted for each team, which can create most of the three substitutions at the time of a set.
A team can carry two time-outs of 30 seconds each at the time of a set. The first team to make 25 points succeeds in a set. A match usually consists of three sets.
Service is taken within five seconds after the referee whistles and is accomplished from the service zone, without crossing the back line.
A player can freely bounce while serving the ball without crossing the back line. The service ball must not contact with the net.
Dual contact with the ball is not permitted for acquiring the service ball and players remain in a 2-3-2 circumstances during the serve.
At the time of a rally, the ball must be acquired at one time with both hands, without any movement of the ball within the hands (dubs) and the ball should not have touch with the land.
The ball is tossed within three seconds after being grabbed, only from above the shoulder line and only with one hand.
A player can bounce when tossing the ball, which can contact the net (but not the antenna). The player must have touch with the ground when grabbing the ball.
However, the ball is not contacted by any portion of the body other than the palm when grabbing or tossing (body touch).
The ball can neither be moved (passed) to the left or right nor slowly pushed. Two players are not permitted to grab the ball at the same time.
Here are the supplies required for the throwball are as follows:
The ball is alike a volleyball but is just bigger. The outer material of the ball is prepared from a synthetic material that is hand-sewn to provide the player with improved persistence levels actually when employed roughly.
In the official game, teams use shorts and jersey uniforms with numbers only in the vary of 1–12 published on the front and back. Players are required to wear loose shorts and a team jersey with the specified number on the back of jersey.
The primary aim of the game is to grab the ball without permitting it to rebound on the land and toss it back instantly onto the competitor side of the court.
Men and women both can participate in this game but in various teams and play against other men’s and women’s teams.
Moreover, the teams are from various nations like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia, Nepal, Indonesia, Taiwan, Philippines, Pakistan, United Arab Emirates, Bhutan, Singapore, and thirty other countries.
According to the Throwball Federation of India (TFI), throwball is believed to have emanated from a recreational game famous among women in England and Australia at the time of the 1930s. The YMCA conveyed the sport to Chennai, where it was organized as a women’s sport in the 1940s.
Harry Crowe Buck, who established the YMCA College of Physical Education in Chennai, prepared policies for throwball rules and regulations in 1955. In expansion, Mr. Jagat Singh Chauhan was the creator/father of throwball, handball, and netball in India. The sport advanced Bangalore in the 1950s.
The Throwball Federation of India (TFI) was initiated along with the Indian National Throwball Championship. By 1990, Throwball in India formed individual matches for both men and women.
Throw Ball Rules
The Throw Ball rules are as follows:
a. The throwball game is a team game. Each team is composed of twelve players with 7 players involved at the time of play and 5 players for substitution.
b. The game is played for the best of 3 sets for 25 points to win in each set with a rally score.
c. The participants need to grab the ball with both hands and return it with one hand only.
d. The ball that is to be served must be thrown from above the shoulder/shoulder line of the participant.
e. The service ball should not contact the net.
f. Double contacts are not permitted for accepting the service ball.
g. The participants must serve the ball after the whistle is blown within 5 seconds.
h. Participants should serve the ball from the service region but without invading the end line.
i. If the participant ball has dropped on the box line or in the dead region, then it is taken as a foul.
j. Any ball that has been grabbed at the time of the rally is to be thrown within 3 seconds.
k. The participant has to remain in a 2-3-2 position at the time of service.
l. Participants are not permitted to move the ball from right to left or left to right otherwise, penalty points are provided.
m. In the whole match, there are only two time-outs of 30 seconds provided in each set.
n. The participants are required to wear a proper uniform, i.e. shorts and a jersey with numbers published on both the front and the back of the jersey. Only digits from 1-12 are permitted to be employed.
o. Two participants cannot grab the ball at the same time, or the team fails to get points.
p. Throwball is organized on a court that consists of a total perimeter of 12.2 meters x 18.3 meters having a neutral box on either side of the entire court calculating 1 meter. The net is kept across the center of the court at a elevation of 2.2 meters.
Major Competitions of Throw Ball
The major competitions of throw ball are listed below:
|National Throwball Championship (India)
|South Asian Throwball Championship
|Every 2 years
|Asian Throwball Championship
|Every 4 years
|World Throwball Championship
|Every 4 years
|Commonwealth Throwball Championship
|To be determined
|Every 4 years
Throwball is made like volleyball and employs rally scoring. That signifies only the team serving can make a point and does so when the opponent weaknesses. Weakness can contain:
a. Loss to return the ball over the net
b. A player touching the ball double
c. Contact with the net
Winning the Game
Throwball games are played in three sets, with each set being succeeded by the team who is the foremost to make 25 points.
The foremost team to succeed in two sets is expressed as the winner. Due to the fast-paced spirit of the game of Throwball, teams need to show a significant deal of teamwork and fitness to be victorious in winning their competitor.
a. What is a throwball?
Throwball is a non-contact ball game held across a net in two teams of 7 players excluding 3-5 substitutions on a rectangular court that is alike a volleyball.
b. How many players are in throwball?
There are two teams of seven participants in throwball. Each team has six participants on the court and one substitute. The participants are kept as follows:
Left attacker: This participant is kept at the left front corner of the court.
Right attacker: This participant is kept at the right front corner of the court.
Center attacker: This participant is kept in the center of the front row.
Left defender: This participant is placed at the left-back corner of the court.
Right defender: This participant is placed at the right back corner of the court.
Center defender: This participant is arranged in the center of the back row.
Libero: It is a substitute player who can play anywhere on the court besides in the front row.
The participants can shift around the court voluntarily, but they cannot cross the center line.
c. Is throwball an Olympic Sport?
No, throwball is not considered as an Olympic game. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is the governing organization of the Olympic Games and it is accountable for choosing the sports that are contained in the Olympics. Throwball is not presently on the checklist of Olympic sports.
d. How many players in the throwball team?
Each team has six players on the court and one substitute player.
e. How to catch a ball in a throwball?
To catch a ball in a throwball follow these steps:
a. Come in position and see the ball nearly.
b. Cup your hands jointly and raise your arms as the ball gets closer.
c. Absorb the impact of the catch and ensure the ball by conveying your arms in towards your chest.
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